Are you researching mango facts, such as their growing and harvesting seasons, the type of climate and soil conditions that suit them or perhaps something about their use as a timber or the possibility of mango allergy?
Widely distributed across tropical and sub-tropical countries, mango plantations thrive on well drained soil, warm temperatures and moderately heavy rainfall or access to regular irrigation.
Mango trees, which can grow to a great height and age, seem to be tolerant of occasional dry spells and to being grown in various soil types but do not like clay, as they need to be able to send their strong roots deep into the ground. They are mostly self-pollinating and tend to bear annually, with alternate years producing the most prolific crop.
In common with most commercially grown crops, mangoes don’t like windy conditions so windbreaks may be needed. Frosts or heavy rain as fruit is setting can wreak havoc on developing crops and some types (particularly those which originate in India) are not tolerant to very humid conditions. The climate and soil of the Atherton Tablelands in North Queensland seem to be ideal for this fruit.
Mango trees, grown commercially, are pruned to be of a convenient height for easy harvesting, with flowers, hence fruit, being encouraged to grow away from the centre of the tree, thus reducing humidity and the possibility of fungal diseases.
Mango trees are evergreen, their oval shaped fruits, borne on long, hanging stems, ripening in Australia between September and February. Mango seeds are large and fibrous, some varieties, especially the Kensington Pride, growing into productive seedlings, true to type without needing to be grafted.
Some of the main benefits of mango are nutritional ones, mango fruit being one of the highly regarded anti oxidant foods, known to assist in promoting good health. High in fibre, mangoes are rich sources of Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin E, potassium, calcium and beta-carotene. They are also low in calories, so perfect for those watching their weight. For me, though, I find that the taste, texture and aroma are the most important benefit of all!
I feel sorry for those who have a true mango allergy as they can’t enjoy this delicious fruit without breaking out in hives or, if experiencing a serious reaction, having trouble breathing. But many people are just allergic to the skin or white sap of the mango so need to take care when picking them. Wash fruit and your hands under running cold water if you are splashed by sap and to remove remnants of pesticides. The skin of mangoes should not be eaten.
As well as general information about mango farming and the benefits of mango fruit, you may be interested to know that mangoes make superb frozen ices, for cooking sweet or savoury dishes such as mango chicken, mango cheesecake , or even in a mango daiquiri.
Mango wood furniture is a beautiful, pale golden colour with dark streaks (or dark with swirling, golden streaks). It is sustainable, older mango trees which have finished fruiting usually being used, and relatively inexpensive. Functional bowls, spoons, chopping boards and ornaments are also made from the timber.
For more about mango varieties and other mango facts click here.